Grows best in well-drained rich soil. Sensitive to frost. Direct sow after all danger of frost, or start indoors 4 weeks before last frost. Lightly cover seed (no more than two times the depth of the seed).
Medicinal: Basil has been used as a carminative. Research indicates that it may inhibit gastric acid secretion.
Spacing: In flats space seeds ½” apart. Thin to 2” apart and transplant in 3-4 weeks. Direct sow 3-4 seeds every 12”. Thin to one plant when plants have 4 leaves.
Germination: 5-14 days at 70-75o F. Harvest starts about 10 weeks after sowing. Basil is a pick-and-come-again herb which produces well when you pick a few leaves from a number of plants.
See our Key to Herb Cultural Notes
(O. citriodora): Rare basil with deep lemon fragrance. Use for fish dishes, herb vinegars, and tea.
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