Peanuts are sold in shell. Cannot ship to California or Canada.
History: Originally from Brazil, peanuts were brought to France and Africa, and then later introduced into the U.S. during the 1700s. The first commercial peanuts were grown near Wilmington, NC about 1800.
How to Grow: Shell out the seeds and sow 1-2 in. deep, 6-12 in. apart, in rows 30-36 in. apart. If planting in hills, plant 3 nuts per hill, 10-12 in. apart in hills 2-3 ft. apart. Loose, well-drained soil is important for good germination, and a soil pH of 5-6 will give the best results. Plant a month after last frost once soil has warmed up. Peanuts transplant well, and can be started indoors 3-4 weeks before transplanting out. (Even when direct sowing, we find it useful to start a few seeds in pots for transplanting out to fill any gaps in the rows.) Peanuts are slow growing at first, so keep the seedlings well weeded. A useful technique is to inter-plant with a fast-maturing weed-suppressing crop (radishes, green onions, lettuce, cilantro) that will be harvested before the peanut plants grow large enough to need the space. Peanuts require 110-130 days of hot weather and ample water, especially once plants have begun to set pods. When plants are 12 in. high, hill them up with loose soil as you would with potatoes, and mulch between the rows. Once plants start flowering, they need at least an inch of rain/irrigation every week for best production.
Harvest: Harvest during a dry spell in October or right after a light frost. After 3 consecutive nights of low temperatures (40°F or colder), plants will not mature pods any further, so harvest can happen anytime. (In the Deep South, peanuts may need to get harvested earlier to keep pods from sprouting in cold/wet soil late in the season.) If weather and critters allow, dig vines and let them sun-dry for several days before pulling pods off. Cure indoors in a rodent-proof space for 2-3 weeks before storing.
Seed Savers: Isolate varieties by at least 10-50 ft.
Packet: Peanuts are sold in the shell to preserve seed freshness. See variety descriptions for packet weights.